Worldview Limited

Breach details

What Customer records containing encrypted payment card data including CVV2/CVC2 data were extracted from a public-facing website by a malicious attacker.
How much 3,814 records.
When 18 June 2013
Why A single web server also contained the customer database and the WordPress content management system. A malicious attacker used SQL injection techniques to extract the WordPress password hashes which the attacker was then able to brute force due to the use of weak passwords. The attacker was then able to extract records from the database including encrypted payment data, however the encryption keys were stored on the same drive as the encrypted data and therefore available to the attacker.

Regulatory action

Regulator ICO
Action Monetary penalty of £ 7,500.
When 31 October 2014.

Why the regulator acted

Breach of act Breach of the seventh principle in that insufficient technical and organisational measures were taken. The ICO highlighted:

  • Developer training
  • Security testing of web pages
  • Use of default passwords
  • Encryption/Decryption key management
Known or should have known The Data Controller was aware of The Payment Card Industry (PCI) Data Security Standard (DSS) and therefore should have been aware of the risks and the recommended controls.Given the nature of the information stored, it should have also been obvious to the Controller that a breach in security would be liable to cause damage or distress to the data subjects.
Likely to cause damage or distress The ICO argues that the loss of payment card data could lead to fraud and substantial damage to the data subjects affected (even though there was no evidence of this). The knowledge of the loss of their personal data would cause ‘substantial distress’ to a data subject.